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Selasa, 25 Mac 2014

Kehidupan ini singkat, adakah sempat berbakti?

Assalamualaikum dan salam sejahtera

Pantas masa berlalu, sedar tidak sedar umur saya semakin menghampiri cahaya senja. Lagi-lagi sejak tiada gigi hahaha.. mengunyah makanan tidak lagi sesempurna dulu dan ini adalah petanda Allah mula menarik nikmat saya sedikit demi sedikit. 10 tahun atau mungkin esok jika ditakdirkan sudah tiada di dunia ini siapa tahu..

Memasuki usia sebegini mengingatkan saya tentang apa sumbangan saya yang mampu dimanfaatkan oleh generasi pelapis akan datang. Ilmu saya tidaklah seberapa, harta juga tidaklah seberapa.. saya hanya punyai teman sebuah Bench Drill, Laser Cutter dan Welding Set selain bantal dan tilam usang di johor ini. Dengan sedikit hasil jualan produk kraftangan mampu sedikit sebanyak menampung kos makan dan minum di tengah bulan. Owh.. saya rindu zaman-zaman kegemilangan hobi radio amatur saya... jika masa mampu diputar pasti saya akan lakukan...

Ya hobi saya juga memasuki zaman-zaman suram dek penangan teknologi Internet. Pihak pemerintah sudah tidak lagi melihat kepentingan hobi yang saya cebur ini... prefix asal singapura iaitu 9M4 yang diletakkan status 'Reserved' (dengan harapan singapura pasti kembali ke persekutuan) sudah dilupakan.. pemerintah sendiri tidak tahu.

Ahhh.... kekangan kewangan dan jarak keluarga buatkan saya kerap buntu kebelakangan ini. Semoga tuan-tuan tidak menjadi seperti saya...

salam hormat dan 73...



P/S: Terdapat 2 acara yang akan di adakan April 2014 iaitu Eyeball santai di Kelab Mares dan VHF Contest. Juga tidak lupa Flora Fauna Dxing serta jika berkesempatan ke Taman Negara...

Khamis, 6 Mac 2014

Adakah Suruhanjaya Komunikasi Dan multimedia Sedar?

Assalamualaikum dan salam sejahtera.

Saya terpanggil untuk meluahkan pandangan peribadi mengenai Suruhanjaya Komunikasi Dan Multimedia Malaysia yang bagi saya harus terbuka dalam menerima kritikan dan teguran membina.

2 hari yang lepas saya telah didatangi oleh ham radio muda yang mengajak saya menikmati teh tarik panas bersama seorang lagi ham radio. Selepas waktu pejabat, kami bertemu di satu warung di hadapan New york Hotel.. Ahh.. gerai yang sudah lama saya tidak singgah.

Dari perbualan kami sepanjang menikmati teh tarik dan tauhu bakar, terbuka cerita tentang satu seksyen berkaitan dalam MCMC telah mengedarkan suatu borang maklumbalas tentang cadangan pindaan garis panduan 'allocation callsign' radio amatur yang agak terburu-buru dan tidak melambangkan sebagai suatu organisasi yang punya protokol dalam berhubung dengan orang ramai.

Ianya begini, MCMC telah mengedarkan surat memohon maklumbalas tentang pindaan garis panduan tersebut yang ditujukan pada beberapa organisasi (dalam bentuk scan) adalah bertarikh 20hb Februari 2014. Manakala surat tersebut pula di emelkan pada wakil organisasi radio terbabit pada 26hb Februari 2014. Ok boleh terima... tetapi amat malang apabila di dalam surat yang di scan kan itu menyatakan tarikh akhir memberi maklumbalas ialah 28hb Februari 2014!! hanya 2 hari atau kurang 48 jam wahai MCMC... Ini adalah feedback agensi kerajaan yang terpantas yang pernah saya alami hahahaha.... memang hebat dan gila. Kerja last minit??

Harus MCMC melihat disini bahawa pelanggan-pelanggan MCMC yang terkesan dengan draf tersebut ialah warga radio amatur marhaen, rakyat miskin, dhaif, petani, drebar lori, cikgu, tukang rumah dan ramai lagi yang adakalanya mampu memberi pandangan yang terbaik ke atas cadangan tersebut... mereka-mereka ini mampu melihat BLINDSPOT yang MCMC tidak dapat lihat.

Ramai dikalangan ham radio ini bukan memiliki masa sesingkat kurang 48jam dalam memberi respon atau pandangan penambahbaikan. Mereka-mereka ini bukan sepenuh menunggu didepan komputer atau memiliki handphone multimedia. Masa diperlukan untuk mengkaji dahulu draf sebelum ulasan yang tulen dapat dihasilkan.

Terdetik dalam hati saya apakah tujuan maklumbalas sedemikian harus diedarkan walhal secara logik tempoh yang diberikan adalah sekadar cukup syarat ajerr.. Kami gusar jika trend sebegini kerap dilakukan, kami seakan alat melengkapkan suatu matlamat malahan sudah ada suara-suara hampa mengatakan pandangan kami selalunya berakhirnya dengan dibakul sampahkan. Bukan kami mahukan nama kami tercatat pada draf tersebut apabila keluar sebagai suatu guidlines ataupun suatu ucapan terima kasih penghargaan tetapi kami mahu ianya menjadi suatu guidlines yang jelas dan seiring dengan kehendak peraturan antarabangsa yang sediada tidak dipatuhi oleh MCMC sendiri.

Sebelum saya mengahiri artikel ini ada suatu perkongsian ham muda ini yang buatkan saya juga terdetik sampai bila MCMC akan melakukan kesalahan dalam penetapan callsign Prefix dan suffix sebagaimana yang dikehendaki dalam Artikel 19 ITU. Saya sempat membelek rancangan draf pindaan tersebut yang hanya significant memasukkan tambahan Light house sahaja... yang lain biasa-biasa saja.

Mungkin Light House baru-baru ini popular dijadikan acara tahunan... saya jangkakan jika kalau experiment stesen popular lepas ni mungkin pindaan seterusnya ialah ada lagi satu pindaan dengan memasukkan suffix experiment pulak hahahaha.. sapa tahu hehehehe..

Tetapi MCMC terlupa, Geografical Identification pada Prefix yang diamalkan dalam garis panduan sediada yang harus di rombak selaras mengikut Artikel 19...

P/S : MCMC harus lakukan sesuatu agar tidak menjadi bahan di ITU nanti... just my 2 cent... tapi anda MCMC sedar?

P/S : Khabarnya Indonesia giat menamakan pulau-pulaunya dengan Prefix Geografical agar secara legal nanti boleh dituntut di makhamah antarabangsa, begitu juga Chinna dan Philiphine di wilayah bertindih, malahan kurang 30km dari pantai Bintulu pun sudah dituntuk Chinna... Malaysia?Prefix bernombor '0' tu bakal jadi sejarah sebab garis panduan tak iktiraf sama sekali.. sama seperti surat dalam artikel terdahulu saya iaitu http://jurukaka.blogspot.com/2008/05/kedaulatan-yang-ditangisi.html

MCMC.. mohon anda tersedar dan berkhidmatlah dengan penuh teliti dan beretika...

http://life.itu.int/radioclub/rr/art19.htm

ARTICLE 19

Identification of Stations


Section I. General Provisions


19.1     §1    All transmissions shall be capable of being identified either by identification signals or by other means.   
19.2    §2    1) All transmissions with false or misleading identification are prohibited.     
19.3            2) Where practicable and in appropriate services, identification signals should be automatically transmitted in accordance with relevant ITU-R Recommendations.  
19.4            3) All transmissions in the following services should, except as provided in Nos. 19.13 to 19.15, carry identification signals:
19.5            a) amateur service;
19.6            b) broadcasting service;
19.7            c) fixed service in the bands below 28 000 kHz;
19.8            d) mobile service;
19.9            e) standard frequency and time signal service.
19.10          4) All operational transmissions by radiobeacons shall carry identification signals. However, it is recognized that, for radiobeacons and for certain other radionavigation services that normally carry identification signals, during periods of malfunction or other non-operational service the deliberate removal of identification signals is an agreed means of warning users that the transmissions cannot safely be used for navigational purposes.
19.11          5) All transmissions by satellite emergency position-indicating radiobeacons (EPIRBs) operating in the band 406-406.1 MHz or the band 1 645.5-1 646.5 MHz, or by EPIRBs using digital selective calling techniques, shall carry identification signals.
19.12            6) When identification signals are transmitted they shall comply with the provisions of this Article.   
19.13             7) However, the requirements for certain transmissions to carry identification signals need not apply to:    
19.14             a) survival craft stations when transmitting distress signals automatically;
19.15             b) emergency position-indicating radiobeacons (except for those in No. 19.11).    
19.16    §3    In transmissions carrying identification signals a station shall be identified by a call sign, by a maritime mobile service identity or by other recognized means of identification which may be one or more of the following: name of station, location of station, operating agency, official registration mark, flight identification number, selective call number or signal, selective call identification number or signal, characteristic signal, characteristic of emission or other clearly distinguishing features readily recognized internationally.
19.17    §4    For transmissions carrying identification signals, in order that stations may be readily identified, each station shall transmit its identification as frequently as practicable during the course of transmissions, including those made for tests, adjustments or experiments. During such transmissions, however, identification signals shall be transmitted at least hourly, preferably within the period from five minutes before to five minutes after the hour (UTC) unless to do so would cause unreasonable interruption of traffic, in which case identification shall be given at the beginning and end of transmissions.
19.18    §5    Identification signals shall wherever practicable be in one of the following forms:
19.19    a) speech, using simple amplitude or frequency modulation;
19.20    b) international Morse code transmitted at manual speed;
19.21    c) a telegraph code compatible with conventional printing equipment;  
19.22    d) any other form recommended by the Radiocommunication Sector.  
19.23 § 6 To the extent possible the identification signal should be transmitted in accordance with relevant ITU-R Recommendations.
19.24 § 7 Administrations should ensure that wherever practicable superimposed identification methods be employed in accordance with ITU-R Recommendations.
19.25 § 8 When a number of stations work simultaneously in a common circuit, either as relay stations, or in parallel on different frequencies, each station shall, as far as practicable, transmit its own identification or those of all the stations concerned.
19.26 § 9 Administrations shall ensure, except in the cases mentioned in Nos. 19.13 to 19.15, that all transmissions not carrying identification signals can be identified by other means when they are capable of causing harmful interference to the services of another administration operating in accordance with these Regulations.
19.27 § 10 Administrations shall, having regard to the provisions of these Regulations relating to the notification of assignments for recording in the Master Register, adopt their own measures to ensure compliance with the provisions of No. 19.26.
19.28 § 11 Each Member State reserves the right to establish its own measures for identifying its stations used for national defence. However, it shall use, as far as possible, call signs recognizable as such, and containing the distinctive characters of its nationality.

Section II – Allocation of international series and assignment of call signs
19.28A § 11A 1) For the purpose of the supply of identification signals, a territory or geographical area shall be understood to mean the territory within the limits of which the station is located. For mobile stations, it shall be understood to mean the territory within the limits of which the responsible administration is located. A territory which does not have full responsibility for its international relations shall also be considered as a geographical area for this purpose.
19.28B 2) In all documents of the Union where the terms allocation of call sign series and assignment of call signs are to be used, they shall be used with the following meaning:


Identification means

Terms used in these Regulations

International series of call signs (including maritime identification digits (MIDs) and selective call numbers)

Allocation to the administration of a Member State (see definition in No. 1002 of the Constitution)

Call signs (including maritime identification digits (MIDs) and selective call numbers)

Assignment by any administration to stations operating in a territory or geographical area (see No. 19.28A)

19.29 § 12 1) All stations open to international public correspondence, all amateur stations, and other stations which are capable of causing harmful interference beyond the boundaries of the territory or geographical area in which they are located, shall have call signs from the international series allocated to its administration as given in the Table of Allocation of International Call Sign Series in Appendix 42.
19.30 2) As the need arises, ship stations and ship earth stations to which the provisions of Chapter IX apply, and coast stations or coast earth stations capable of communicating with such ship stations, shall have assigned to them maritime mobile service identities in accordance with Section VI of this Article.
19.31 3) It is not compulsory to assign call signs from the international series to stations identified by maritime mobile service identities or which are easily identified by other means (see No. 19.16) and whose signals of identification or characteristics of emission are published in international documents.
19.31A 4)Means shall be provided for uniquely identifying mobile stations operating in automated terrestrial or satellite communication systems for the purposes of answering distress calls, for avoiding interference and for billing. Identification of the mobile station by accessing a registration database is satisfactory, provided that the system can associate the mobile station calling number with the particular mobile station user. (WRC-03)
19.32 § 13 Should the available call sign series in Appendix 42 be exhausted, new call sign series may be allocated according to the principles set out in Resolution 13 (Rev.WRC-97) relating to the formation of call signs and the allocation of new international series.
19.33 § 14 Between radiocommunication conferences, the Secretary-General is authorized to deal with questions relating to changes in the allocation of series of call signs, on a provisional basis, and subject to confirmation by the following conference (see also No. 19.32).
19.34 § 15 The Secretary-General shall be responsible for allocating maritime identification digits (MIDs) to administrations and shall regularly publish information regarding allocated MIDs.
19.35 § 16 The Secretary-General shall be responsible for allocating additional maritime identification digits (MIDs) to administrations within the limits specified, provided that it is ascertained that the possibilities offered by the MIDs allocated to an administration will soon be exhausted despite judicious ship station identity assignment as outlined in Section VI. (WRC-03)
19.36 § 17 Each administration has been allocated one or more maritime identification digit (MID) for its use. A second or subsequent MID should not be requested2 unless the previously allocated MID is more than 80% exhausted in the basic category of three trailing zeros and the rate of assignments is such that 90% exhaustion is foreseen. (WRC-03)
19.36.1 In no circumstances may an administration claim more MIDs than the total number of its ship stations notified to ITU divided by 1 000, plus one. Administrations shall make every attempt to reuse the Maritime Mobile Service Identities (MMSI) assigned from earlier MID resources, which become redundant after ships leave their national ship registry. Such numbers should be considered for reassignment after being absent from at least two successive editions of List VIIA of the ITU service publications. Administrations seeking additional MID resources must meet the criteria of having notified all previous assignments, in accordance with No. 20.16. This criteria applies only to MMSIs in the basic category and to all MIDs assigned to the administration.
19.37 § 18 The Secretary-General shall be responsible for supplying series of selective call numbers or signals (see Nos. 19.92 to 19.95) at the request of the administrations concerned.
19.38 § 19 1) Each administration shall choose the call signs and, if the selective calling system used is in accordance with Recommendation ITU-R M.257-3, the ship station selective call numbers and the coast station identification numbers of its stations from the international series allocated or supplied to it; and shall notify this information to the Secretary-General together with the information which is to appear in Lists I, IV, V, VI and VIIIA. These notifications do not include call signs assigned to amateur and experimental stations.
19.39 2) Each administration shall choose the maritime mobile service identities of its stations from the maritime identification digits allocated to it and notify this information to the Secretary-General for inclusion in the relevant lists, as provided for in Article 20.
19.40 3) The Secretary-General shall ensure that the same call sign, the same maritime mobile service identity, the same selective call number or the same identification number is not assigned more than once and that call signs which might be confused with distress signals, or with other signals of the same nature, are not assigned.
19.41 § 20 1) When a fixed station uses more than one frequency in the international service, each frequency may be identified by a separate call sign used solely for this frequency.
19.42 2) When a broadcasting station uses more than one frequency in the international service, each frequency may be identified by a separate call sign used solely for this frequency or by some other appropriate means, such as announcing the name of the place and frequency used.
19.43 3) When a land station uses more than one frequency, each frequency may, if desired, be identified by a separate call sign.
19.44 4) Where practicable, coast stations should use a common call sign for each frequency series3.
Section III – Formation of call signs
19.45    § 21    1) The twenty-six letters of the alphabet, as well as digits in the cases specified below, may be used to form call signs. Accented letters are excluded.
19.46                 2) However, the following combinations shall not be used as call signs:
19.47               a) combinations which might be confused with distress signals or with other signals of a similar nature;
19.48               b) combinations in Recommendation ITU-R M.1172 that are reserved for the abbreviations to be used in the radiocommunication services.
19.49               SUP
19.50    § 22 Call signs in the international series are formed as indicated in Nos. 19.51 to 19.71. The first two characters shall be two letters or a letter followed by a digit or a digit followed by a letter. The first two characters or in certain cases the first character of a call sign constitute the nationality identification.
19.50.1 For call sign series beginning with B, F, G, I, K, M, N, R, W and 2, only the first character is required for nationality identification. In the cases of half series (i.e. when the first two characters are allocated to more than one Member State), the first three characters are required for nationality identification. (WRC-03)
19.51   Land and fixed stations
19.52    § 23         1)
– two characters and one letter, or

– two characters and one letter followed by not more than three digits (other than the digits 0 and 1 in cases where they immediately follow a letter).
19.53         2) However, it is recommended that, as far as possible, the call signs of fixed stations consist of:
– two characters and one letter followed by two digits (other than the digits 0 and 1 in cases where they immediately follow a letter).
19.54   Ship stations
19.55    § 24      1)
                    – two characters and two letters, or

                    – two characters, two letters and one digit (other than the digits 0 or 1).
19.56         2) However, ship stations employing only radiotelephony may also use a call sign consisting of:
– two characters (provided that the second is a letter) followed by four digits (other than the digits 0 or 1 in cases where they immediately follow a letter), or

– two characters and one letter followed by four digits (other than the digits 0 or 1 in cases where they immediately follow a letter).
19.57   Aircraft stations
19.58    § 25
– two characters and three letters.
19.59   Ship’s survival craft stations
19.60    § 26



– the call sign of the parent ship followed by two digits (other than the digits 0 or 1 in cases where they immediately follow a letter).
19.61   Emergency position-indicating radiobeacon stations
19.62    § 27



– the Morse letter B and/or the call sign of the parent ship to which the radiobeacon belongs.
19.63   Aircraft survival craft stations
19.64    § 28



– the complete call sign of the parent aircraft (see No. 19.58), followed by a single digit other than 0 or 1.
19.65   Land mobile stations
19.66    § 29



– two characters (provided that the second is a letter) followed by four digits (other than the digits 0 or 1 in cases where they immediately follow a letter), or

– two characters and one or two letters followed by four digits (other than the digits 0 or 1 in cases where they immediately follow a letter).
19.67   Amateur and experimental stations
19.68    § 30   1)





– one character (provided that it is the letter B, F, G, I, K, M, N, R or W) and a single digit (other than 0 or 1), followed by a group of not more than four characters, the last of which shall be a letter, or

– two characters and a single digit (other than 0 or 1), followed by a group of not more than four characters, the last of which shall be a letter. (WRC-03)
19.68A1A)   On special occasions, for temporary use, administrations may authorize use of call signs with more than the four characters referred to in No. 19.68. (WRC-03
19.69              2) However, the prohibition of the use of the digits 0 and 1 does not apply to amateur stations.
19.70   Stations in the space service
19.71   § 31 When call signs for stations in the space service are employed, it is recommended that they consist of:
– two characters followed by two or three digits (other than the digits 0 and 1 in cases where they immediately follow a letter).
Section IV - Identification of stations using radiotelephony
19.82A  § 35A Amateur stations and experimental stations
                                                – a call sign (see No. 19.68)


Last update: 20 juin, 2012



Isnin, 3 Mac 2014

Masa yang pantas berlalu...

Assalamualaikum dan salam sejahtera.

Mesin basuh saya masih lagi berputar. Menantikan pusingan berakhir membuatkan saya terleka bersandar di dinding dan pc ini. Betapa masa pantas berjalan. Bibit-bibit uban pada rambut saya sudah mula kelihatan... mengingatkan saya juga pada beberapa kenalan ham radio yang juga telah banyak beruban. Fadhil 9W2WF, 9W2TR Bang Rashid, 9M2RS Rashid Sultan dan ramai lagi. Betapa masa itu pantas berlalu... Tidak seperti 15 tahun dulu ketika saya masih lagi berkenalan dengan radio amatur ini... Hahaaha..

Minggu lepas 2 aktiviti yang dirancang berjalan agak suram. Malam BBQ di kelab dan Flea Market Mares yang agak hambar, Terima kasih Danny Wong yang sudi menyumbang bahan pada malamnya dan 9W2TR tidak pernah mengecewakan dengan Cendol special sebelum 9W2MUC hadir dengan resepi tambahan cendol bang rashid.. saya entah berapa kali tambah. Begitu juga Hj. Rashid.

Sempat Fadhil berbisik pada saya, jika flea market makin suram mungkin kami akan menjarakkan acara ini setiap beberapa bulan sekali atau ia adalah yang terakhir. Tetapi jika demikian dilaksanakan mungkin kelab akan tiada lagi eyeball yang kerap sekaligus mematikan terus fungsi kelab. Manakala Kabin Mares terkini pula kembali ceria setelah bahagian luar nya dicat semula, air cond dan pendawaian baru oleh 9W2WF, 9W2FG, 9W2TR dan ramai lagi.

Saya amat-amat berharap agar kabin ini dapat berfungsi kembali sebagaimana ia pada mulanya. Bilik mengoperasikan radio HF, Callsign 9M4CME kembali aktif, dan ruang untuk santai... Jika terdapat ruang boleh juga dijadikan ruang tidur bagi kaki DX yang bermalam di dalamnya.

Pada masa mendatang, rumah kelab Mares harus mempunyai kabin lagi agar banyak lagi ruang aktiviti boleh dipelbagaikan. Bukan sahaja eyeball santai di bawah bumbung terbuka sediada tetapi suatu bilik operasi pelbagai guna, ruang tidur bagi ham jauh yang perlukan dan yang paling penting ialah kurang risiko digigit nyamuk... hehehehe..

Tetapi ini semua tidak bermakna jika hanya orang yang sama hadir pada setiap aktiviti dan yang sama juga memerah idea, Mares perlukan pelapis baru.. tenaga muda dan idea baru. Kerana ahli yang aktif kini pasti suatu hari nanti akan tiada dan kesinambungan rumah kelab sebagai suatu ruang aktiviti radio amatur di malaysia harus diteruskan.



P/S: Hanya Mares yang mempunyai Rumah Kelab pada lokasi yang tetap dan infra yang hampir lengkap.. sayang jika ia tidak dihidupkan dan terlepas begitu sahaja....    
  
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